Globally the species is found to be distributed in India and Sri Lanka. Within India it is found in the Sub-Himalayan tracts, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and peninsular India. Arjuna is a large deciduous tree, commonly planted as avenue tree along road sides. Bark available in pieces, flat, curved, recurved, channelled to half quilled, 0.2-1.5 cm thick, market samples up to 10 cm in length and up to 7 cm in width, outer surface somewhat smooth and grey, inner surface somewhat fibrous and pinkish, transversely cut smoothened bark shows pinkish surface, fracture, short in inner and laminated in outer part; taste, bitter and astringent.
Main chemical constitutes are Tannins (25%), Triterpenoid glycosides (arjunetosides I, II, III, IV, arjunine and arjunetein.), Saponins (arjunic acid, arjunolic acid, arjungenin and arjunic acid), Flavonoids (arjunone, arjunolone, leteilin), gallic acid, ellagic acid and Phytosterols.