Amalveda is a tall tree up to 60 m high with fluted trunk and rather short spreading branches, with fruits of about 10 to 12 cm in length and about 8 cm in width found sporadically in upper Assam up to an altitude of 3000 feet and in Manipur and meghalaya; occasionally cultivated; fresh mature fruits are cut and rind dried before use. Freshly dried drug occurs as curved and flat pieces of rind of about 7 cm in length and about 0.2 cm in thickness, leathery, pliable, non fibrous, blackish brown in colour; no characteristic odour, taste sour.
The tubers of Salep Orchid contain bitter principals and a volatile oil, which give the flower its key therapeutic properties.
In Ayurveda, Salep Orchid has traditionally been used as an aphrodisiac and a nervine tonic.
As an aphrodisiac, Salep Orchid is beneficial in treating male sexual disorders like erectile dysfunction and impotence. It is a nervine tonic that treats stress and mental disorders.