Glycyrrhiza glabra L.,
Glycyrrhiza glabra var. caduca X.Y. Li, Glycyrrhiza glabra subsp. glandulifera (Waldst. & Kit.) Ponert, Glycyrrhiza glabra var. glandulifera (Waldst. & Kit.) Regel & Herder. Glycyrrhiza glabra var. laxifoliolata X.Y. Li, Glycyrrhiza glabra var. violacea (Boiss. & Noe) Boiss.
English : Liquorice root, Hindi : Mulethi, Mulathi, Muleti, Jethimadhu, Jethimadh, Sanskrit : Yastimadhuka, Yastika, Madhuka, Madhuyasti, Yastyahva, Urdu : Mulethi, Asl-us-sus, Assamese : Jesthimadhu, Yeshtmadhu, Bengali : Yashtimadhu, Gujrati : Jethimadha, Jethimard, Jethimadh, Kannada : Jestamadu, Madhuka, Jyeshtamadhu, Atimadhura, Kashmiri : Multhi, Malayalam : Irattimadhuram, Marathi : Jesthamadh, Oriya : Jatimadhu, Jastimadhu, Punjabi : Jethimadh, Mulathi, Tamil : Athimadhuram, Telugu : Atimadhuramu.
Rhizome(Stolon & Root).
This species is globally distributed from Mediterranean to Central Asia. It is said to be cultivated in Russia, Spain and Middle East Region. Yashtimadhu is a tall perennial herb, upto 2 m high found cultivated in Europe. Persia, Afghanistan and to little extent in some parts of India. Stolon consists of yellowish brown or dark brown outer layer, externally longitudinally wrinkled, with occasional small buds and encircling scale leaves, smoothed transversely, cut surface shows a cambium ring about one-third of radius from outer surface and a small central pith, root similar without a pith, fracture, coarsely fibrous in bark and splintery in wood, odour, faint and characteristic, taste, sweetish.
Glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhizic acid, glycyrrhetinic acid, asparagine, sugars, resin, starch, volatile oil and coloring matter,
Rasa : Madhura, Guna : Guru, Snigdha, Vipaka : Madhura, Virya : Sita, Karma : Balya, Caksusya, Vrsya, Varnya, Vatapittajit, Raktaprasadana.
Kasa, Ksaya, Svarabheda, Vatarakta, Vrana.
Yashtimadhu is used in digestive system complaints including stomach ulcers, heartburn, colic, and ongoing inflammation of the lining of the stomach (chronic gastritis).for sore throat, bronchitis, cough, Liver Disease, Addison's disease, a type of diabetes caused by a hormone deficiency (diabetes insipidus), menopausal symptoms, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), liver disorders, malaria, tuberculosis, high potassium levels in the blood, food poisoning, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), a condition in which there is too much muscle tone (hypertonia), Muscle Cramps, abscesses, recovery after surgery, rash, high cholesterol.