Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham
Hindi : Amalbeda, Urdu : Amalbeda, Assamese : Borthekera, Bengali : Tikul, Tikur, Thaikal, Kan. : Chaarigehuli, Tamil : Pulivanchi, Telugu : Pullaprabbali. ; Khasi (Meghalaya): Sohdanei
Amalveda is a tall tree up to 60 m high with fluted trunk and rather short spreading branches, with fruits of about 10 to 12 cm in length and about 8 cm in width found sporadically in upper Assam up to an altitude of 3000 feet and in Manipur and meghalaya; occasionally cultivated; fresh mature fruits are cut and rind dried before use. Freshly dried drug occurs as curved and flat pieces of rind of about 7 cm in length and about 0.2 cm in thickness, leathery, pliable, non fibrous, blackish brown in colour; no characteristic odour, taste sour.
It contains Pedunculol, garcinol and cambogin.
Rasa : Amla, Kasaya, Guna : Ruksa, Tiksna, Snigdha, Laghu, Virya : Usna Vipaka : Amla, Karma : Anulomaka, Bhedana, Dipana, Kaphahara, Mutrala, Pacana, Vatahara.
Anaha (Distension of abdomen due to obstruction to passage of urine and stools), Ajirna (Indigestion), Asmari (Calculus), Arsa (Piles), Aruci (Tastelessness), Gulma (Abdominal lump), Hrdroga (Heart disease), Hikka (Hiccup), Krmi (Worm infestation), Kasa (Cough), Pliharoga (Splenic disease), Sula (Pain / Colic), Svasa (Asthma), Udavarta (Upward movement of gases), Vibandha (Constipation).
It is used in Hot in potency, strong, piercing, unctuous, oily, improves digestion strength, Digestive diseases, Cleanses urine and feces, acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for heart, severe constipation, abdominal colic pain, bloating, fullness, and Tumors of the abdomen. It is also used in excessive thirst, haemorrhoids, vomiting, anorexia, hiccups, cough, cold, asthma and chronic respiratory disorders.